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Materion Technical Materials Alloy Performance Guide and Capabilities

HIGH-PERFORMANCE MATERIALS Materion Technical Materials is the worlds leading resource for cladding electroplating solder coating and other specialty strip products. We offer the widest range of reel-to-reel technologies and alloys for demanding high-performance applications. Since its founding in 1968 the Technical Materials business has continued to pioneer state-of-the-art metal processing of more than 200 alloys including ferrous non-ferrous refractory and precious metals. Today we offer a wide range of technologies designed to produce the tightest tolerances available anywhere. Our products provide solutions to tomorrows ever-changing product design challenges serving markets including telecommunications computer medical automotive aircraft fuel cells and solar energy. ABOUT MATERION Materion is the new name for a dozen leading advanced materials companies with a common ownership and now combined under a single brand identity. Prior to March 2011 you knew us as Williams Advanced Materials or Barr Associates or Academy Corporation. Or maybe you knew us as Zentrix or Cerac or Thin Film Technology. What you probably didnt know is that we were all part of the same company Brush Engineered Materials a billion-dollar New York Stock Exchange company that is among the worlds premier providers of advanced ma- terials and services. Now under the one Materion brand we are better aligned to deliver a broader scope of products service and expertise needed to drive our customers growth and profitability and become their first choice in a partner. MATERION OPERATING BUSINESSES Microelectronics Services Advanced Chemicals Precision Options Thin Film Coatings Large Area Coatings Technical Materials Brush Beryllium Composites Brush Electrofusion Brush Ceramics Brush High Performance Alloys Brush Resources TECHNICAL MATERIALS Alloy Performance Guide TECHNICAL MATERIALS ABOUT MATERION Materion is the new name for Brush Engineered Materials Inc. its Brush Wellman Inc. subsidiary and all of the companys businesses worldwide. Materion is among the worlds premier providers of advanced materials solutions and services. Now under the one Materion brand we are better aligned to deliver a broader scope of products services and expertise needed to drive our customers growth and profitability and become their first choice in a partner. Materion Corporation common stock trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol MTRN. MATERION BUSINESSES Advanced Chemicals Barr Precision Optics Thin Film Coatings Brush Beryllium Composites Brush Performance Alloys Ceramics Electrofusion Large Area Coatings Microelectronics Services Natural Resources Technical Materials MATERION TECHNICAL MATERIALS LOCATIONS Main Office and Manufacturing Facility Lincoln Rhode Island U.S. SalesTechnical Support Aurora Illinois Lincoln Rhode Island Mineola New York Mooresville Indiana International SalesTechnical Support Europe Besancon France Madrid Spain Milan Italy Stuttgart Germany Asia Hong Kong Seoul South Korea Shanghai China Singapore Tokyo Japan 5 Wellington Road Lincoln RI 02865 USA 401.333.1700 Phone 800.241.2523 Toll-free www.materion.comtechnicalmaterials CHART FOOTNOTES 1 Lbs. per cubic inch 68 o F annealed 2 Elastic modulus in tension x 106 P.S.I. 3 IACS at 68o F annealed 4 BTU per foot per hour per o F at 68o F annealed 5 Inches per inch x 10-6 from 68 o F to 572 o F 6 Reference specification for strip 7 Ultimate tensile strength x 1000 P.S.I. 8 0.2 offset yield strength x 1000 P.S.I. Yield strengths are not used or accepted as specifications by brass mills but because of their usefulness values are given here for design purpose. 9 elongation in 2. Elongation values vary considerably with thickness. The rolled temper data given are base on thicknesses ranging from .010 to .035 strip. 10 Approximate Vickers hardness - HV unless otherwise specified. 11 Standard heat treatment 2 hrs. at 600o F 3 hrs. 600o F for annealed temper 12 Standard heat treatment 2 hrs. at 700o F 2 hrs. 675o F for TS04 NOTE The properties on these charts are provided for reference only. HIGH-PERFORMANCE MATERIALS Materion Technical Materials is the worlds leading resource for cladding electroplating solder coating and other specialty strip products. We offer the widest range of reel-to-reel technologies and alloys for demanding high-performance applications. Since its founding in 1968 the Technical Materials business has continued to pioneer state-of-the-art metal processing of more than 200 alloys including ferrous non-ferrous refractory and precious metals. Today we offer a wide range of technologies designed to produce the tightest tolerances available anywhere. Our products provide solutions to tomorrows ever-changing product design challenges serving markets including telecommunications computer medical automotive aircraft fuel cells and solar energy. Steels Aluminum Zinc Nickel Nickel Alloys Refractory Metals Low Expansion Alloys Copper High Copper Beryllium Copper Brass Bronze Precious Metal Alloys Solders Brazing Alloys Galvanic Corrosion Chart Alloy Compatibility 2 7 10 11 12 14 16 Not Your Average Hardness Values Chart CONTENTS CAPABIL STRIP PRO Precision Toleranc Special Tempers Stretch Bend Leve LITIES 1 MILLING SKIVING CUSTOM-ENGINEERED METAL SOLUTIONS The high-performance demands of todays markets require custom-engineered solutions. We match our leading technologies to your challenges delivering a high-performance cost-effective metal system. As your full-service supplier we thrive on enhancing your products performance while lowering your total cost. ELECTROPLATING SOLDER CLADDING OCESSING cing eling EB WELDING COPPER C10200 OFHC copper 99.95 Cu 10 ppm 0 max C10700 OFS copper 99.9Cu .085 min.Ag C11000 ETP copper 99.9Cu C12200 DHP copper 99.9Cu .025P C14415 CuSn 0.15 99.85Cu .12Sn C14530 99.95Cu .013Te .013Sn C15100 ZHC copper 99.8Cu .15Zr C15500 99.75Cu .11Mg .06Ag .06P C18080 K88 99Cu .5Cr .2Ag .1Fe .1Ti .05Si Density1 Modulus2 Elect. Cond.3 Therm. Cond.4 Therm. Exp.5 ASTM6 .323 17 101 226 9.8 B152 .323 17 100 224 9.4 B152 .322 17 100 224 9.8 B152 .323 17 85 196 9.8 B152 .321 18.5 86 208 9.8 B747 .323 17.4 95 208 9.8 B888 .323 17.5 95 208 9.8 B888 .322 17 86 200 9.8 B888 .320 19.5 80 185 9.8 Annealed UTS7 YS8 EL9 HV10 26-38 6-13 20-42 40-75 26-38 6-13 20-42 40-75 26-38 6-13 20-42 40-75 26-38 6-13 20-42 40-75 32 nom. 11 nom. 40 nom. 60 nom. 34 nom. 12 nom. 40 nom. 60 nom. 37-42 9-20 35 nom. 55 nom. 34-43 15-22 30-42 65 nom. 14 Hard UTS YS EL HV 34-42 26-39 13-33 70-95 34-42 26-39 13-33 70-95 34-42 26-39 13-33 70-95 34-42 26-39 13-33 70-95 36-46 28 min. 9 min. 60-90 35-45 26-37 7 min. 85-105 40-45 26-40 11-25 90 nom. 42-50 33-40 20-28 95 nom. 12 Hard UTS YS EL HV 37-46 30-44 8-32 85-105 37-46 30-44 8-32 85-105 37-46 30-44 8-32 85-105 37-46 30-44 8-32 85-105 43-53 36 min. 3 nom. 85-110 40-50 38-48 5 min. 95-120 43-51 35-48 3-13 105 nom. 45-55 38-48 13-22 113 nom. 34 Hard UTS YS EL HV 41-50 39-48 5-24 90-110 41-50 39-48 5-24 90-110 41-50 39-48 5-24 90-110 41-50 39-48 5-24 90-110 44-54 39-51 3 min. 100-125 47-56 45-55 1-7 115 nom. 48-58 45-54 7-13 118 nom. Hard UTS YS EL HV 43-52 41-50 3-16 95-115 43-52 41-50 3-16 95-115 43-52 41-50 3-16 95-115 43-52 41-50 3-16 95-115 52-62 43 min. 3 min. 105-130 47-57 43-56 2 min. 108-128 53-62 51-61 1-5 122 nom. 56-64 50-60 6-12 126 nom. TM04 71-81 65 min. 8 nom. 140-170 Extra Hard UTS YS EL HV 47-56 46-55 3-5 103-120 47-56 46-55 3-5 103-120 47-56 46-55 3-5 103-120 47-56 46-55 3-5 103-120 50-60 47-59 1 min. 108-128 59-65 57-64 1-3 129 nom. 63-72 58-64 3-7 130 nom. TM08 77-87 85 min. 4 nom. 150-180 Spring UTS YS EL HV 50-58 48-57 2-4 110-126 50-58 48-57 2-4 110-126 50-58 48-57 2-4 110-126 50-58 48-57 2-4 110-126 61-71 51 min. 2 min. 120-140 54-64 51-63 1 min. 112-130 64-71 62-70 1-2 126 nom. 65-73 60-74 1-5 135 nom. TR08 75-90 72 min. 4 nom. 160-190 Ex. Spring UTS YS EL HV 52 min. 51 min. 1-3 115 min. 52 min. 51 min. 1-3 115 min. 52 min. 51 min. 1-3 115 min. 52 min. 51 min. 1-3 115 min. 58 min. 56 min. 115 min. 68-75 63-78 1-4 2 HIGH COPPER BERYLLIUM COPPER C19025 NB109 98Cu 1.0Ni 0.9Sn C19210 XP10 99.85Cu .1Fe .03P C19400 97.4Cu 2.35Fe .03P C19500 97Cu 1.5Fe .8Co .6Sn .2P C19700 99Cu .6Fe .2P .05Mg C17200 Alloy 25 as rolled 98Cu 1.9Be C17200 Alloy 25 age hard11 98Cu 1.9Be C17200 Alloy 190 Mill Hard 98Cu 1.9Be C17410 Alloy 174 Mill Hard 99Cu 0.3Be 0.5Co C17460 Alloy 60 Mill Hard 98Cu 1.2Ni 0.3Be C17510 Alloy 3 Mill Hard 97.8Cu 1.8Ni .4Be Density1 Modulus2 Elect. Cond.3 Therm. Cond.4 Therm. Exp.5 ASTM6 .322 18.8 40 100 9.7 B422 .323 17.2 91 201 9.7 .321 17.5 60 150 9.7 B465 .322 17.3 50 115 9.6 B465 .321 17.2 80 185 9.6 B465 .298 19 15 60 9.9 B194 .302 19 22 60 9.7 B194 .302 19 17 60 9.7 B194 .318 20 50 135 9.8 B768 .318 20 50 128 9.8 B768 .319 20 45 HT 140 9.8 Annealed UTS7 YS8 EL9 HV10 34-49 17-32 25 min. 70 nom. 40-50 20-40 15-35 80 nom. 50-60 21-35 22-31 43-53 16 min. 20 min. 60-78 30-55 35 min. 90-145 AT 165-195 140-175 3-15 353-413 AM 100-110 70-95 16-30 210-251 A 35-55 20-45 20-40 65-125 14 Hard UTS YS EL HV 47-69 53 nom. 15-35 120-155 40-55 20-35 15 min. 95 nom. 45-60 40-56 6-20 95-120 60-72 45-79 5-23 112-145 75-88 60-80 20-45 121-185 14 HT 175-205 150-185 3-10 353-424 14 HM 110-120 80-110 15-25 230-271 HTC 75-85 50-75 8-20 147-176 12 Hard UTS YS EL HV HR02 63-76 66 nom. 9-25 135-170 47-60 44-59 5 min. 105 nom. 53-63 36-58 6-15 100-125 68-78 66-76 3-9 140-155 53-63 36-60 6-29 122-144 85-100 75-95 12-30 176-216 12 HT 185-215 160-195 1-8 373-435 12 HM 120-135 95-125 12-22 250-301 12 HT 95-115 80-100 10 Min. 180-240 34 Hard UTS YS EL HV 52-62 60-62 4 min. 115 nom. 75-85 72-82 2-5 150-160 90-110 3-15 34 HT 115-135 95-115 11 Min. AT 100-130 80-100 10-25 195-275 Hard UTS YS EL HV HR04 72-83 76 nom. 5-14 155-180 56-66 54-66 3 min. 120 nom. 60-70 53-65 3-8 120-140 82-90 79-87 2-3 55-165 60-70 53-68 2-12 132-153 100-120 90-112 2-18 216-287 HT 190-220 165-205 1-6 385-445 HM 135-150 110-135 9-20 285-343 HT 110-130 100-120 7 min. 210-280 HT 120-140 105-125 10 Min. H 70-85 55-80 2-10 144-176 Extra Hard UTS YS EL HV HR06 78-89 80 nom. 4 min. 160-195 60-70 58-70 2 min. 133 nom. 67-73 64-72 2 min. 25-145 67-73 64-71 2-10 144-158 SHM 150-160 125-140 9-18 309-363 HT 110-135 95-120 8-20 216-287 Spring UTS YS EL HV 84-95 87 nom. 175-210 64 min. 62 min. 1 nom. 150 nom. 70-76 67-75 1 min. 130-150 88-97 85-92 1-2 165-175 70-76 67-74 2-8 148-164 XHM 155-175 135-170 4-15 317-378 Ex. Spring UTS YS EL HV 91-106 97 nom. 190 min. 66 min. 64 min. 73-80 70-79 97 min. 94 min. 1-2 180 min. 73-80 70-78 1 min. 153-174 XHMS 175-190 150-180 3-12 325-413 HTR 120-150 110-140 1-5 3 BRASS C21000 Gilding Metal 95 Cu 5 Zn C22000 Commercial Bronze 90 Cu 10 Zn C23000 Red Brass 85 Cu 15 Zn C24000 Low Brass 80 Cu 20 Zn C26000 Cartridge Brass 70 Cu 30 Zn C26800 Yellow Brass 66 Cu 34 Zn C42200 Lubronze 90 Cu 9 Zn 1 Sn C42500 Lubaloy X 88 Cu 10 Zn 2 Sn C42520 Olin 4252 88 Cu 10 Zn 2 Sn .1 Fe .1 Ni Density1 Modulus2 Elect. Cond.3 Therm. Cond.4 Therm. Exp.5 ASTM6 .320 17 56 135 10.0 B36 .318 17 44 109 10.2 B36 .316 17 37 92 10.4 B36 .313 16 32 81 10.6 B36 .308 16 28 70 11.1 B36 .306 15 27 11.3 B36 .318 16 31 75 10.2 B591 .317 18 28 69 10.2 B591 .318 16 30 75 10.2 Annealed UTS7 YS8 EL9 HV10 34-40 5-15 42-48 50-57 36-42 8-17 46-49 55-75 39-47 8-19 43-48 60-85 44-54 12-29 43-58 65-95 45-61 10-33 40-67 70-115 41-61 23 nom. 50-52 nom. 40-50 19 nom. 45 nom. 40-50 13-25 30-50 70-90 14 Hard UTS YS EL HV 37-47 20-40 15-45 67-97 40-50 22-42 15-40 72-102 44-54 24-44 15-39 76-110 48-58 24-45 18-35 81-116 49-59 22-46 34-59 82-117 49-59 34 nom. 40 nom. 47-57 38 nom. 29 nom. 87-130 49-59 20-54 24-47 90-135 12 Hard UTS YS EL HV 42-52 33-48 5-29 82-106 47-57 39-52 5-20 93-118 51-61 40-54 8-21 100-130 55-65 39-58 12-25 105-135 57-67 42-61 19-42 107-142 55-65 44 nom. 25 nom. 54-65 50-60 17-27 115-140 57-69 51-66 13-27 120-160 58-73 47-68 20 nom. 130-165 34 Hard UTS YS EL HV 46-56 40-52 2-17 93-117 52-62 44-57 3-10 105-128 57-67 49-63 4-12 118-143 61-71 48-65 6-15 124-149 64-74 55-69 8-29 130-160 62-72 53 nom. 17 nom. 62-72 64 nom. 7 nom. 130-160 62-74 58-70 10-21 135-171 68-80 61-75 15 nom. 150-180 Hard UTS YS EL HV 50-59 45-57 2-8 102-104 57-66 50-63 2-6 116-138 63-72 52-68 5-9 130-150 68-77 57-73 4-8 140-161 71-81 67-78 6-14 148-173 68-78 57 nom. 8 nom. 67-79 63-76 4-9 140-170 70-82 66-79 6-13 153-190 76-91 74-88 10 nom. 175-205 Extra Hard UTS YS EL HV 56-64 50-63 2 Max. 114-134 64-72 58-68 1-3 130-150 72-80 64-76 3-5 146-166 78-87 66-84 2-3 158-180 83-92 79-90 2-5 164-189 79-89 67 nom. 4 nom. 75-85 73-83 2-7 150-180 76-88 73-85 4-8 165-210 88-103 85-102 6 nom. 195-225 Spring UTS YS EL HV 60-68 54-66 2 Max. 122-142 69-77 63-75 1-2 140-160 78-86 66-88 3-4 156-176 85-93 75-90 1-2 170-190 91-100 82-98 1-2 178-203 86-95 71 nom. 2 nom. 82-92 80-90 1-5 160-190 84-94 81-92 2-5 175-220 95-110 92-108 4 nom. 205-235 Ex. Spring UTS YS EL HV 61-69 57-68 2 Max. 124-144 72-80 69-79 1 Max. 140-166 82-90 75-88 2 Min. 162-182 89-97 78-95 1 Max. 174-194 95-104 86-102 1-2 184-209 90-99 75 nom. 88 min. 86 min. 1-3 170 min. 92 min. 87 min. 1-3 190 min. 100-114 98-110 3 nom. 215-245 4 BRONZE C51000 Phos. Bronze A 94.9 Cu 5 Sn .1 P C51100 Phos. Bronze 4 95.9 Cu 4 Sn .1P .1 Ni .1 Fe C51180 Mod. Phos. Bronze 95.5 Cu 4.2 Sn .03P C51900 Phos. Bronze 6 93.9 Cu 6 Sn .1 P C52100 Phos. Bronze C 91.9 Cu 8 Sn .1 P C52180 Mod. Phos. Bronze 91.8 Cu 8 Sn .03 P .1 Ni1.Fe C50725 95.6 Cu 2.2 Zn 2.0 Sn C63800 638 95 Cu 2.8 Al 1.8 Si .4 Co C65500 Silicon Bronze A 97 Cu 3 Si C66300 86 Cu 9.9 Zn 2.2 Sn 1.9 Fe C68800 688 73.5 Cu 22.7 Zn 3.4 Al .4 Co Density1 Modulus2 Elect. Cond.3 Therm. Cond.4 Therm. Exp.5 ASTM6 .320 16 15 40 9.9 B103 .320 16 20 48 9.9 B103 .320 16 20 50 9.9 .319 16 15 39 10.0 B103 .318 16 13 36 10.1 B103 .318 16 13 36 10.1 .322 16.4 33 87 9.7 .299 16.7 10 24 9.5 B422 .308 15 7 21 18 B96 .317 18 25 62 9.8 B592 .296 16.8 18 40 10.1 B592 Annealed UTS7 YS8 EL9 HV10 43-58 19-31 48-62 70-115 40-55 16-28 45-49 67-87 48-63 16-28 50-65 70-120 53-67 23-35 60-67 80-140 77-87 45-67 27-40 56 21 63 120 nom. 77-87 44-61 30-40 14 Hard UTS YS EL HV 49-61 22-52 32-50 95-135 46-58 20-50 25-47 73-132 60-72 28-60 35-55 110-160 63-75 35-62 40-60 130-170 90-102 75-90 12-21 210 nom. 68 35 30 140 nom. 87-101 63-89 10-29 210 nom. 12 Hard UTS YS EL HV 58-73 47-68 16-38 130-165 55-70 42-70 12-31 97-158 69-84 60-80 22. nom. 64-79 49-72 20-42 120-175 69-84 51-75 25-49 150-185 90-105 84-100 25 nom. 68-80 73 nom. 11 nom. 170 nom. 100-112 87-100 7-13 225 nom. 78 45 17 175 nom. 58-73 56 nom. 20 min. 97-112 82-102 3-15 240 nom. 34 Hard UTS YS EL HV 68-80 61-75 10-20 150-180 67-82 64-80 6-15 135-174 80-92 72-90 18 nom. 74-90 64-80 14-26 160-195 80-95 70-85 18-32 175-205 97-112 88-105 20 nom. 105-117 93-105 5-10 240 nom. 190 nom. Hard UTS YS EL HV 76-91 74-88 4-11 175-205 72-87 70-83 2-12 148-180 85-100 77-97 12 nom. 80-96 75-92 7-16 180-215 85-100 78-95 12-30 190-220 105-120 95-115 18 nom. 81-93 85 nom. 9 nom. 192 nom. 114-126 102-115 3-6 250 nom. 94 58 8 76-91 81 nom. 17 nom. 106-120 95-108 2-7 258 nom. Extra Hard UTS YS EL HV 88-103 85-102 2-6 195-225 84-99 81-96 1-6 168-197 97-112 90-110 8 nom. 92-108 88-106 3-8 200-235 97-112 92-107 6-10 210-240 108-125 100-120 12 nom. 85-100 92 nom. 8 nom. 206 nom 118-130 106-119 2-5 104 60 6 88-103 93 nom. 7 nom. 113-127 102-115 2-3 266 nom. Spring UTS YS EL HV 95-110 92-108 1-3 205-235 91-106 88-101 1-5 180-209 105-119 97-117 5 nom. 99-116 95-110 2-6 210-250 105-119 100-113 3-9 225-255 115-132 105-125 8 nom. 123-134 111-121 2-4 270 nom. 110 62 4 95-110 100 nom. 5 nom. 123-133 111-117 1-2 275 nom. Ex. Spring UTS YS EL HV 100-114 98-110 1-3 215-245 96-108 92-104 1-4 187-218 110-122 102-120 3 nom. 105mm 100mm. 1-3 110-122 105-116 2-6 235-265 120-140 110-130 3 nom. 130 Min. 119 Min. 1-2 100-114 104 nom. 4 nom. 125 min. 117 min. 1-2 280 min. 5 COPPER NICKEL C70250 96.2 Cu 3 Ni .6 Si .2 Mg C70260 97.5 Cu 2 Ni .5 Si C70600 Cupro Nickel 88.6 Cu 10 Ni 1.4 Fe C71500 Cupro Nickel 69.4 Cu 30 Ni .6 Fe C72500 88.2 Cu 9.5 Ni 2.3 Sn C72900 as rolled 77 Cu 15 Ni 8 Sn C72900 age hard12 77 Cu 15 Ni 8 Sn C72900 mill hard 77 Cu 15 Ni 8 Sn C73500 Nickel Silver 72 Cu 10 Zn 18 Ni C75200 Nickel Silver 65 Cu 17 Zn 18 Ni C76200 Nickel Silver 59 Cu 29 Zn 12 Ni C77000 Nickel Silver 55 Cu 27 Zn 18 Ni Density1 Modulus2 Elect. Cond.3 Therm. Cond.4 Therm. Exp.5 ASTM6 .318 19 40 85 10.0 B422 .320 19 40 90 B422 .323 20 9.1 23 9.5 B122 .323 22 4.6 17 9.0 B122 .321 20 11 31 9.2 B122 .321 18.5 7.8 17 9.1 B740 .321 18.5 7.8 17 9.1 B740 .321 19.5 7.8 17 9.1 B740 .319 18.000 8.000 21.500 9.000 B122 .316 18 6 19 9.0 B122 .310 18 9 24 8.5 B122 .314 18 5.5 17 9.3 B122 Annealed UTS7 YS8 EL9 HV10 TM00 90-110 65-90 10 min. TM00 85-95 75 min. 15 min. 190 nom. 65-90 50-65 20-40 25 Min. 80-110 45-65 18-25 34-36 80-110 TB00 64-85 24-40 32 Min. 100-150 TX00 120-150 100-130 6 Min. 275-350 TM00 95-115 75-95 22 Min. 190-290 50-68 15-60 11-37 89-145 53-63 18-32 29-42 78-120 57-75 21-52 32-49 92-145 61-76 23-41 39-48 83-135 14 Hard UTS YS EL HV 51-67 95-146 58-72 35-69 5-30 120-155 55-75 73 Max. 5 min. 164 Max TD01 75-100 50-75 18 Min. 150-235 TS01 130-160 115-145 4 Min. 290-365 56-69 28-59 10-25 119-151 58-72 26-64 14-35 95-138 65-81 36-68 20-50 110-167 69-87 44-83 11-41 126-179 12 Hard UTS YS EL HV TM02 95-120 85-119 7 min. TM02 95-105 95 min. 6 min. 210 nom. 58-72 120-160 66-80 60-78 3-10 140-170 65-80 59-78 3-17 132-180 TD02 85-110 65-100 8 Min. 170-275 T202 145-175 135-165 3 Min. 315-390 TM02 105-125 90-110 15 Min. 215-315 63-75 49-69 3-16 138-164 66-80 48-78 6-22 122-157 75-91 58-82 6-30 145-193 78-95 64-93 5-24 154-198 34 Hard UTS YS EL HV TM03 100-125 95-120 5 min. 95-120 90-115 3 Min. 210-290 TS03 155-185 145-175 2 Min. 325-400 69-79 59-73 2-5 142-171 74-86 69-82 4-12 138-175 83-98 73-91 4-16 160-203 88-101 84-100 3-13 171-193 Hard UTS YS EL HV 71-83 140-174 75-88 73-84 2-4 160-185 75-90 73-88 1-5 135-180 TD04 100-130 85-125 1 min. 220-300 T204 165-195 155-185 2 min. 335-410 TM04 115-135 105-125 10 min. 245-345 73-84 67-78 1-3 160-180 78-91 75-90 3-7 151-188 90-105 82-97 3-6 188-215 92-109 90-108 3-6 188-220 Extra Hard UTS YS EL HV 73-85 158-192 80-92 78-88 1-3 165-195 80-95 78-93 1-3 153-218 TM06 130-150 120-145 6 min. 270-370 79-90 72-81 1-2 170-190 86-98 85-97 3-4 175-209 99-114 93-103 1-3 209-234 102-115 101-114 1-2 214-240 Spring UTS YS EL HV 78-86 164-196 84-94 81-90 1-2 174-200 85-100 83-97 1-2 164-218 TD08 122-145 100-140 TM08 150-178 140-170 2 min. 305-405 85-93 78-84 1 180-200 90-101 88-99 1-2 183-220 107-122 101-110 1-2 228-250 108-123 107-118 1 228-250 Ex. Spring UTS YS EL HV 90-105 88-102 1 187-218 88 Min. 78 Min. 1 185 Min. 96 Min. 95 Min. 1-2 198 Min. 114 Min. 102 Min. 1 235 Min. 116 Min. 115 Min. 1 235 Min. 6 STEELS S30100 301 Fe 17Cr 7Ni S30200 302 Fe 18Cr 9Ni S30403 304L Fe 19Cr 10Ni S30500 305 Fe 18Cr 12Ni S31008 310 S Fe 25Cr 20Ni S31600 316 Fe 17Cr 12Ni 2.5Mo S32100 321 Fe 18Cr 10Ni .4Ti S40900 409 Fe 11Cr S43000 430 Fe 16Cr G100800 1008 Fe .08C K00100 Iron Fe .005C Density1 Modulus2 Elect. Cond.3 Therm. Cond.4 Therm. Exp.5 ASTM6 .285 28 2.5 9.4 9.5 A666 .285 28 2.5 9.4 9.5 A666 .284 28 2.4 9.4 9.9 A666 .29 28 2.4 9.4 9.9 A240 .29 28 2.4 9.4 9.9 A240 .29 28 2.2 8.2 9.0 A666 .29 28 2.3 9.4 9.0 A240 .28 29 2.8 14.4 6.1 A240 .28 29 2.8 13.8 6.1 A176 .283 29 6.7 A109 .278 16 Annealed UTS7 YS8 EL9 HV10 110 Nom. 40 Nom. 60 Nom. 170 Nom. 90 Nom. 40 Nom. 50 Nom. 170 Nom. 84 Nom. 42 Nom. 55 Nom. 170 Nom. 85 Nom. 38 Nom. 55 Nom. 170 Nom. 95 Nom. 45 Nom. 45 Nom. 170 Nom. 84 Nom. 42 Nom. 50 Nom. 150 Nom. 90 Nom. 35 Nom. 45 Nom. 150 Nom. 55-68 25-41 20-38 123 65-80 40-60 18-30 144-176 skin rolled 40-55 25-40 24 Min. 125 Max. 40-60 30-45 25 Num. 115 Num. 14 Hard UTS YS EL HV 125 Min. 75 Min. 25 Min. 250 Nom. 125 Min. 75 Min. 25 Min. 250 Nom. 125 Min. 75 Min. 25 Min. 250 Nom. 125 Min. 75 Min. 25 Min. 250 Nom. 125 Min. 75 Min. 25 Min. 250 Nom. 125 Min. 75 Min. 25 Min. 250 Nom. 125 Min. 75 Min. 25 Min. 250 Nom. 58 25 25 78-90 60-78 3-19 172-205 45-65 -- 13-27 107-137 12 Hard UTS YS EL HV 150 Min 110 Min 15 Min. 300 Nom. 140 Min. 110 Min. 15 Min. 300 Nom. 140 Min. 110 Min. 15 Min. 300 Nom. 130 Min. 110 Min. 10 Min. 300 Nom. 130 Min 110 Min 15 Min. 300 Nom. 130 Min 110 Min 10 Min. 300 Nom. 130 Min. 110 Min. 8 Min. 300 Nom. 75 74 16 172 90-100 76-92 3-7 205-228 55-75 -- 4-16 125-170 34 Hard UTS YS EL HV 175 Min 135 Min 10 Min. 350 Nom. 165 Min. 135 Min. 10 Min. 350 Nom. 160 Min. 135 Min. 5 Min. 350 Nom. 150 Min. 135 Min. 5 Min. 350 Nom. 150 Min. 135 Min. 10 Min. 350 Nom. 150 Min 135 Min 10 Min. 350 Nom. 150 Min. 135 Min. 5 Min. 350 Nom. 82 81 9.5 190 98-110 90-103 1-7 222-242 Hard UTS YS EL HV 185 Min 140 Min 8 Min 390 Nom. 175 Min 140 Min 8 Min 390 Nom. 170 Min. 140 Min. 2 Min. 390 Nom. 170 Min. 140 Min. 2 Min. 390 Nom. 101 102 3 222 107-115 100-110 1-2 228-246 80-100 -- -- 185 Min. 75-85 65-80 150 Num. maximum strength and work hardening standard general purpose stable properties low C stable properties low C low work hardening good formability high temp oxidation resistance good formability maximum corrosion resistance excellent resistance to oxidation corrosion ferretic economical use for corrosion oxidation resistance ferretic general use for corrosion oxidation resistance better formability Magnetic No No No No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes 7 ALUMINUM ZINC NICKEL NICKEL ALLOYS A91100 99.0 Al A91145 99.45 Al A93003 98.3Al 1.2Mn .1Cu A95052 97.2Al 2.5Mg .25Cr A96061 97.9Al 1Mg 0.6Si 0.3Cu 0.2Cr Z13004 Pure Zinc 99.98 Zn Z41321 Zn CuTi Alloy 99.2 Zn .6 Cu .15Ti N02201 201 99.0 Ni .02 Max C N02270 270 99.98N N04400 Monel 400 65Ni 35Cu N06600 Inconel 600 76 Ni 16 Cr 8 Fe Density1 Modulus2 Elect. Cond.3 Therm. Cond.4 Therm. Exp.5 ASTM6 .098 10 59 128 14.1 B209 .0977 10 61 130 13.1 .099 10.2 50 112 13.9 B209 .097 10.1 35 79 14.3 B209 .098 10 45 100 13.1 B209 0.258 9-13 27 61 16.7 B69 0.259 9-13 26 61 12.7 B69 .321 30 18 43 8.0 B162 .321 30 23 50 8.6 .319 26 3.4 12.6 8.8 .305 31 1.8 8.6 7.6 B168 Annealed UTS7 YS8 EL9 HV10 O 11-15 4 Min. 15 Min. 25 Nom. O 8-14 3 Min. 15 Min. 20 Nom. O 14-19 5 Min. 18 Min. 30 Nom. O 25-31 10 Min. 14 Min. 40 Nom. O 18 8 25 40 Nom. 10-18 30-75 25-45 21-32 15-50 50-75 50-65 12-28 30-50 120 Max. 45-55 10-25 40-55 70-85 25-45 35-50 133 Max. 80-100 40 Nom. 35-55 150 Nom. 14 Hard UTS YS EL HV 60-75 45-66 17-26 120-150 50-65 20-34 35-48 85-112 75-95 40-80 20-40 133-160 12 Hard UTS YS EL HV H12 14-19 11 Min. 4 Min. 30 Nom. H12 11-16 9 Min. 6 Min. 25 Nom. H12 17-23 12 Min. 3 Min. 42 Nom. H32 31-38 23 Min. 4 Min. 50 Nom. 76-92 60-84 8-21 140-170 60-70 32-44 30-45 108-130 80-100 60-90 14-30 157-188 100-125 60-100 10-25 235 Nom. 34 Hard UTS YS EL HV 85-100 70-90 3-8 160-190 68-80 42-58 25-37 125-155 90-110 73-102 6-20 183-209 Hard UTS YS EL HV H14 16-21 14 Min. 35 Nom. H14 12-17 10 Min. 30 Nom. H14 20-26 17 Min. 50 Nom. H34 34-41 26 Min. 60 Nom. 27-40 10-40 60-95 90 Min. 80 Min. 2 Min. 180-220 78-90 55-70 15-28 145-175 100-120 90-110 2-15 205-234 120-150 90-125 2-15 275 Nom. Extra Hard UTS YS EL HV H16 19-24 17 Min. 40 Nom H16 14-19 11 Min. 35 Nom H16 24-30 21 Min. 55 Nom H36 37-44 29 Min. 65 Nom H16 28-36 70 Nom Spring UTS YS EL HV H18 22 Min. 20 Min. 50 Nom. H18 16 Min. 12 Min. 50 Nom. H18 27 Min. 24 Min. 50 Nom.. H38 39 Min. 32 Min. 50 Nom. T4 30 Min. 16 Min. 10 Min. 96 Min. 85 Min. 1 Min. 193 Min. 120 Min. 110 Min. 1-10 234 Min. 145-170 120-160 2-10 320 Nom. Ex. Spring UTS YS EL HV H18 42 Min. 35 Min. Monel and Inconel are registered trademarks of Special Metals Corporation. 8 REFRACTORY METALS LOW EXPANSION ALLOYS R04200 Reactor Grade Niobium Nb R05200 Unalloyed Tantalum Ta R50250 Grade 1 Titanium Ti R60702 Unalloyed Zirconium 99.2 Zr K93600 Invar 36 64Fe 36Ni K94100 Alloy 42 58Fe 42Ni K94610 Kovar 54Fe 29Ni 17Co Density1 Modulus2 Elect. Cond.3 Therm. Cond.4 Therm. Exp.5 ASTM6 .310 15 11.5 30 4.1 B393 .600 27 14 34 3.7 B70 .163 15 3 9.2 5.1 B26 14 4.1 9 3.5 B551 0.292 21 2.1 5.8 2.1 B753 .293 21.5 2.4 6.2 6.1 F30 .302 20 3.5 10 2.9 F15 Annealed UTS7 YS8 EL9 HV10 18-38 10-30 20 Min. 55-95 30-45 20-40 20 Min. 90-120 35-60 25-45 24 Min. 120 Nom. 55-80 30-65 16 Min. 150 Nom. 65-85 35-75 18-32 65-85 35-75 18-32 65-85 35-75 18-32 14 Hard UTS YS EL HV CW10 48 43 25 90 CW10 40 35 120 CW10 70 160 75-90 75-90 75-90 12 Hard UTS YS EL HV CW25 55 53 7 115 CW25 45 42 125 CW25 80 180 CW25 64 18 85-100 85-100 85-100 34 Hard UTS YS EL HV CW50 63 62 2 135 CW50 55 53 130 CW50 100 210 CW50 71 15 95-110 95-110 95-110 Hard UTS YS EL HV CW70 70 69 1 150 CW70 70 69 150 CW70 115 230 CW70 84 8 100 Min. 100 Min. 100 Min. Extra Hard UTS YS EL HV Spring UTS YS EL HV Ex. Spring UTS YS EL HV 9 Typical Applications Key CConnectors SSwitches LLead Frames RRelays BBrazing PRECIOUS METAL ALLOYS Material Composition Densitylbsin3 Coating Technology ASTM Specification HardnessHK Annealed-Spring Resistivity Typical Applications DRY CIRCUIT Soft Gold 99.9 Au 0.698 Plated B-488 40-90 2.4 C S L R Hard Au 99.7 Au 0.633 Plated B-488 130-200 2.9-4.7 C S L R Palladium 99.8 Pd 0.434 Plated B-679 200-300 10.7 C S L R Palladium Nickel 80 Pd 20 Ni 0.405 Plated B-867 250-500 19 C S R 24kt Gold 99.99 Au 0.698 Clad B-562 40-90 2.4 C S L R 18 kt Gold 75 Au 25 Ag 0.577 Clad 65-135 C S R 14 kt Gold 58 Au 42 Ag 0.516 Clad 70-145 C S R WE1 69 Au 25 Ag 6 Pt 0.580 Clad B-522 90-170 15.4 C S R Palladium 99.9 Pd 0.434 Clad B-683 80-160 10.7 C S L R Palladium Nickel 90 Pd 10 Ni 0.419 Clad 145-265 16 C S R Palladium Nickel 80 Pd 20 Ni 0.405 Clad 180-310 19 C S R Palladium Silver 60 Pd 40 Ag 0.410 Clad B-731 120-210 43 C S R Palladium Silver 50 Pd 50 Ag 0.404 Clad 110-200 C S R 65 Au 21 Pd 14 Ag 0.560 Clad 140-250 47 C S R DGR-156 Diffused Au 60 Pd 40 Ag 0.439 Clad 140-200 C S R WE1 Capped 60 Pd 40 Ag 0.460 Clad 110-190 C S R DGPN Diffused Au PdNi .5 Clad 150-280 C S R Paliney 6 44 Pd 38 Ag 16 Cu 1 Pt 1 Ni 0.390 Clad B-563 290-370 25.8 C S R Paliney 7 35 Pd 30 Ag 14 Cu 10 Au 10 Pt 1 Zn 0.426 Clad B-540 330-400 31.6 C S R Gold Alloys 70 Au 24 Ag 6 Cu 0.549 Clad 115-190 23 C S R 70 Au 20 Ag 10 Cu 0.543 Clad 140-220 31 C S R 96 Au 4 Ni 0.667 Clad 110-200 11 C S R 90 Au 10 Ni 0.625 Clad 205-280 22 C S R Platinum 99.9 Pt 0.775 Clad B-561 75-140 10.6 R SWITCHING Silver 0.379 Plated B-700 40-185 1.7 S L Silver 99.9 Ag 0.379 Clad B-742 40-90 1.7 S L Silver Nickel 90 Ag 10 Ni 0.372 Clad B-693 70-105 2.1 S R Coin Silver 90 Ag 10 Cu 0.373 Clad B-617 80-120 2.1 S 75 Ag 24.5 Cu 0.5 Ni 0.408 Clad B-780 95-130 2.4 S BT 72 Ag 28 Cu 0.361 Clad B-628 90-130 2.1 B SilverTin Oxide 90 Ag 10 SnO2 0.357 Clad B-844 100-130 2.3 S R Silver Cadmium Oxide 90 Ag 10 CdO 0.368 Clad B781 95-130 2.2 S R 10 This table lists the potential differences for various metals in water at 77F 25C. The order of the series can change for different electrolytes for example different pH ions in solution. Note Stainless steel alloys have not been included in the above table.They can significantly change their potential and become much more active if exposed to stagnant or poorly aerated water. 11 GALVANIC CORROSION Anodic end The corrosion occurs here. ELEMENT STANDARD ELECTRODE POTENTIAL VOLTS Lithium -3.045 Potassium -2.920 Sodium -2.712 Magnesium -2.340 Beryllium -1.700 Aluminum -1.670 Manganese -1.050 Zinc -0.762 Chromium -0.744 Iron Mild Steel -0440 Cadmium -0.402 Yellow Brass -0.350 50-50Tin-Lead Solder -0.325 Cobalt -0.277 Nickel -0.250 Tin -0.136 Lead -0.126 Hydrogen Reference Electrode 0.000 Titanium 0.055 Copper 0.340 Mercury 0.789 Silver 0.799 Carbon 0.810 Platinum 1.200 Gold 1.420 Graphite 2.250 Cathodic end passive The corrosion does not occur here. SOLDERS Fahrenheit Composition Shaded rows indicate lead-free compositions Centigrade Density Solidus Liquidus Solidus Liquidus lbc.in gcc SOLDERS 205 205 52 Bi 30 Pb 18 Sn 96 96 0.346 9.58 212 212 35.7 Sn 35.7 Bi 28.6 Pb 100 100 0.337 9.33 244 244 52 In 48 Sn 118 118 0.264 7.30 244 257 50 In 50 Sn 118 125 0.264 7.29 281 281 58 Bi 42 Sn 138 138 0.309 8.55 281 290 50 Sn 50 Bi 138 143 0.297 8.22 296 296 97 In 3 Ag 147 147 0.266 7.37 315 315 100 In 157 157 0.264 7.31 275 333 47 Sn 40 Pb 10 Bi 3 Ag 135 167.2 0.321 8.89 338 338 65.5 Sn 31.5 Bi 3.0 Zn 170 170 0.290 8.03 354 354 62 Sn 36 Pb 2 Ag 179 179 0.304 8.41 361 361 63 Sn 37 Pb 183 183 0.301 8.34 361 370 60 Pb 40 Sn 183 188 0.307 8.49 361 432 95 Sn 5 Pb 183 222 0.268 7.42 361 376 60 Sn 40 Pb 183 188 0.307 8.50 361 390 80 Sn 20 Pb 183 199 0.284 7.85 361 392 55 Sn 45 Pb 183 200 0.314 8.68 361 401 85 Sn 15 Pb 183 205 0.278 7.70 363 410 50 Pb 50 In 184 209 0.320 8.86 361 414 50 Pb 50 Sn 183 212 0.320 8.87 361 415 90 Sn 10 Pb 183 213 0.273 7.55 430 430 96.5 Sn 3.5 Ag 221 221 0.266 7.35 430 450 96 Sn 4 Ag 221 232 0.267 7.39 430 465 95 Sn 5 Ag 221 240 0.267 7.39 275 439 62 Pb 25 Sn 10 Bi 3 Ag 135 226 0.354 9.80 407 439 2 Bi 1.5 Cu .2 Ag 96.3 Sn 208 226 0.267 7.39 440 500 95.5 Sn 4 Cu 0.5 Ag 226 260 0.267 7.39 440 440 95.6 Sn 4 Cu 0.4 Ag 227 227 0.266 7.36 450 450 100 Sn 232 232 0.263 7.28 450 464 95 Sn 5 Sb 232 240 0.262 7.24 355 487 70 Pb 27 Sn 3 Ag 179 253 0.342 9.47 361 495 70 Pb 30 Sn 183 257 0.349 9.66 520 520 100 Bi 271 271 0.354 9.80 529 553 85 Pb 15 In 277 290 0.380 10.50 361 536 80 Pb 20 Sn 183 280 0.363 10.04 361 550 85 Pb 15 Sn 183 288 0.379 10.48 527 576 90 Pb 10 Sn 275 302 0.379 10.50 441 590 97 Sn 3 Cu 227 310 0.265 7.34 590 597 95 Pb 5 Sn 310 314 0.390 10.80 12 BRAZING ALLOYS Fahrenheit Composition Centigrade Density Solidus Liquidus Solidus Liquidus lbc.in gcc BRAZING 1125 1145 BAg-1 45 Ag 24 Cd 16 Zn 15 Cu 605 620 0.340 9.41 1160 1175 BAg-1a 50 Ag 18 Cd 16.5 Zn 15.5 Cu 625 635 0.341 9.45 1145 1205 BAg-7 56 Ag 22 Cu 17 Zn 5 Sn 620 650 0.340 9.41 1170 1270 BAg-3 50 Ag 16 Cd 15.5 Cu 15.5 Zn 3 Ni 630 690 0.344 9.53 1125 1295 BAg-2 35 Ag 26 Cu 21 Zn 18 Cd 605 700 0.322 9.19 1220 1305 BAg-24 50 Ag 20 Cu 28 Zn 2 Ni 660 705 0.324 8.98 1240 1325 BAg-9 65 Ag 20 Cu 15 Zn 671 718 0.347 9.60 1200 1330 BAg-34 38 Ag 32 Cu 28 Zn 2 Sn 650 721 0.327 9.05 1225 1370 BAg-5 45 Ag 30 Cu 25 Zn 665 745 0.329 9.11 1435 1435 BAg-8 BT 72 Ag 28 Cu 780 780 0.360 9.96 1742 1742 82 Au 18 Ni 950 950 0.571 15.81 1761 1761 99.9 Ag 960 960 0.379 10.50 CERAMIC ACTIVE METAL LAMINATES 1425 1726 TiLam 88 Ag 9.5 Cu 2.5Ti 774 959 0.359 9.94 1049 1623 TiLam 72 70 Ag 27 Cu 3Ti 765 884 0.349 9.67 13 ALLOY COMPATIBILITY A can be combined with B via CLADDING OR PLATING METAL B Aluminum BrazingAlloys CarbonSteel Copper CopperBe CopperBrass CopperBronze CuproNickel Gold GoldAlloys Iron Lead BASEMETALA Aluminum Alloys C -- C C C -- C C C C C C Brazing Alloys -- CE C E C E P C E C C E C C E P C E C E C1 Carbon Steel C1 C C E C E P C E C C E C E C E P C E C E C1 Copper C C C E C E P C E C C E C E C E P C E C E C Copper Be -- C C E C E P C E C C E C E C E P C E C E C1 Copper Brass -- C C C P C C C C C P C C C1 Copper Bronze C C C E C E P C E C C E C E C E P C E C E C1 Cupro Nickel C1 C C E C E P C E C C E C E C E P C E C E C1 Gold Alloys -- C C E -- C E -- C E C E C E P C E C E -- Iron C1 C C E C E P C E C C E C E C E P C E C E C1 Lead C -- -- C -- C C C C C C C Molybdenum2 C1 -- E E P E -- E E E P -- E -- Nickel C C C E C E P C E C C E C E E P C E C E C Fe-Ni CTE Alloy C1 C C E C E P C E C C E C E E P C E C E C1 Niobium C1 C1 C E C E P C E C1 C E C E C E P C E C E C1 Palladium Alloys C1 C C E C E P -- -- C E C E C E P C E C E -- Platinum C1 C C E C E P -- -- C E C E C E P C E C E -- Silver Alloy C1 C E C E P C E C C E C E C E P C E C E C SS 300 Series C1 C1 C E C E P E C1 C E C E C E P C E C E C1 SS 400 Series C1 C C E C E P C E C C E C E C E P C E C E C1 Tantalum C1 C1 C1 E C1 E C1 E C1 C1 E C1 E C1 E C1 E C E C1 Titanium C1 C C E C E C E C C E C E C E C E C E C1 Zinc C -- -- C -- -- -- -- C -- -- C 1 Rolled tempers only. 2 Normally requires hot bonding. Plating requires Ni interliner. 3 SnPb plating only. P PLATINGE ELECTRON BEAM WELDING C CLADDING 14 Nickel Fe-NiCTEAlloy Niobium Palladium PalladiumAlloys Platinum Silver SilverAlloy SolderAlloys3 SS300Series SS400Series Tantalum Tin Titanium Zinc C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C E C E C E C E P C E C E C E P C E C1 P C1 E C E C E C1 P C E C1 C E P C E C E C E P C E C E C E P C E C1 P C E C E C E C1 P C E C1 C E P C E C E C E P C E C E C E P C E C P C E C E C E C P C E C C E P C E C E P -- C E C E P C E C1 P E C E C E C1 P C E C1 C P C C C P C C C P C C1 P C1 C C C1 P C C1 C E P C E C E C E P C E C E C E P C E C1 P C1 E C E C E C1 P C E C1 C E P C E C E C E P C E C E C E P C E C1 P C E C E C E C1 P C E C1 C E C E E C E P C E C E C E P C E -- E E -- -- -- -- C E P C E C E C E P C E C E C E P C E C1 P C E C E C E C1 P C E C1 C -- C C C C C C C -- -- -- C -- C E E E E P E E E P E P E E E P E C C E P C E C E C E P C E C E C E P C E C1 P C E C E C E C1 P C E C C E P C E C E C E P C E C E C E P C E C1 P C E C E C E C1 P C E C1 C E C E C E C E C E C E C E C E C1 C E C E C E C1 C E C1 C E C E C E C E P C E C E C E P C E -- -- -- -- -- -- -- C E -- -- C E P C E C E C E P C E -- -- -- -- -- -- -- C E P C E C E C E P C E C E C E P C E C P -- -- C E C P C E C C E P C E C E C E P C E C E C E P C E C1 P C E C E C E C1 P C E C1 C E P C E C E C E P C E C E C E P C E C1 P C E C E C E C1 P C E C1 C E C E C E C E C E C E C E C E C1 C E C E C E C1 C E C1 C E C E C E C E C E C E C E C E C1 C E C E C E C1 C E C1 -- -- -- C -- -- C C C -- -- -- C -- C 15 C1 Blue STEELS non-austenitic Ref.ASTM E140-06 Hardness Conversion ChartTable 1 Black NICKEL ALLOYS Ref.ASTM E140-06 Hardness Conversion ChartTable 2 Red BRASS C260 Ref.ASTM E140-06 Hardness Conversion ChartTable 3 Green COPPER Ref.ASTM E140-06 Hardness Conversion ChartTable 7 16 NOT YOUR AVERAGE HARDNESS VALUES CHART Vickers Hardness Knoop Hardness Rockwell Hardness RockwellSuperficial Hardness Vickers Hardness Knoop Hardness Rockwell Hardness RockwellSuperficial Hardness HV HK B C F 15-T 30-T 15-N HV HK B C F 15-T 30-T 15-N 940 920 - 68 - - - 93.2 266 304 - 25.5 - 93.0 83.0 73.5 900 895 - 67 - - - 92.9 248 283 100 22.5 - 92.5 81.5 72.0 865 870 - 66 - - - 92.5 234 267 98 20.0 - 92.0 80.5 70.5 832 846 - 65 - - - 92.2 220 251 96 17.0 - 91.0 79.0 69.0 800 822 - 64 - - - 91.8 209 239 94 14.5 - 90.5 77.5 68.0 772 799 - 63 - - - 91.4 198 226 92 12.0 - 89.5 76.0 66.5 746 776 - 62 - - - 91.1 196 224 94.0 11.4 110.0 90.0 77.5 66.2 720 754 - 61 - - - 90.7 194 222 93.5 10.8 109.5 89.8 77.2 65.9 697 732 - 60 - - - 90.2 192 219 93.0 10.2 109.2 89.7 77.0 65.6 674 710 - 59 - - - 90.8 190 217 92.5 9.6 109.0 89.6 76.6 65.3 653 690 - 58 - - - 89.3 188 215 92.0 9.0 108.7 89.5 76.3 65.0 633 670 - 57 - - - 88.9 186 212 91.5 8.4 108.5 89.4 76.0 64.7 613 650 - 56 - - - 88.3 184 210 91.0 7.8 108.2 89.2 75.7 64.4 595 630 - 55 - - - 87.9 182 208 90.5 7.2 108.0 89.1 75.4 64.1 577 612 - 54 - - - 87.4 180 205 90.0 6.6 107.5 89.0 75.1 63.8 560 594 - 53 - - - 86.9 178 203 89.0 6.0 107.2 88.8 74.7 63.5 544 576 - 52 - - - 86.4 176 201 88.5 - 107.0 88.6 74.4 63.2 528 558 - 51 - - - 85.9 174 198 88.0 - 106.7 88.5 74.0 62.9 513 542 - 50 - - - 85.5 172 196 87.5 - 106.5 88.3 73.6 62.5 481 506 - 48 - - - 84.5 170 194 87.0 - 106.2 88.2 73.3 62.0 452 476 - 46 - - - 93.5 168 192 86.0 - 106.0 88.0 73.0 61.8 427 450 - 44 - - - 82.5 166 190 85.5 - 105.7 87.9 72.5 61.6 404 427 - 42 - - - 81.5 164 187 85.0 - 105.5 87.7 72.2 61.4 382 436 - 40 - - - 80.5 162 185 84.0 - 105.0 87.6 71.8 - 362 413 - 38 - - - 79.5 160 182 83.5 - 104.7 87.4 71.5 - 344 392 - 36 - - - 78.5 158 180 83.0 - 104.5 87.2 71.0 - 326 372 - 34 - - - 77.5 156 178 82.0 - 104.0 87.0 70.5 - 309 353 - 32 - 94.5 85.5 76.5 154 176 81.5 - 103.5 86.8 70.1 - 295 337 - 30 - 94.0 85.0 75.5 152 174 80.5 - 103.0 86.6 69.8 - 285 325 - 28.5 - 94.0 84.5 75.0 150 172 80.0 - 102.7 86.4 69.5 - 17 NOT YOUR AVERAGE HARDNESS VALUES CHART Vickers Hardness Knoop Hardness Rockwell Hardness RockwellSuperficial Hardness Vickers Hardness Knoop Hardness Rockwell Hardness RockwellSuperficial Hardness HV HK B F 15-T 30-T HV HK B F 15-T 30-T 148 169 79.0 102.5 86.2 69.0 88 96.9 46.0 79.5 750 47.0 146 167 78.0 102.0 86.0 68.5 86 95.5 44.0 78.0 74.5 45.5 144 165 77.5 101.5 85.8 68.0 84 92.3 42.0 76.5 73.5 44.0 142 162 77.0 101.0 85.6 67.5 82 90.1 40.0 74.5 73.0 43.0 140 160 76.0 100.5 85.4 67.0 80 87.9 37.5 73.0 138 158 75.0 100.0 85.2 66.5 78 85.7 35.0 71.0 72.5 37.5 136 156 74.5 99.5 85.0 66.0 76 83.5 32.5 69.0 71.5 36.0 134 153 73.5 99.0 84.7 65.5 74 81.1 30.0 67.5 70.0 34.0 132 73.0 98.5 84.5 65.0 72 79.9 27.5 66.0 69.0 32.0 130 138.7 72.0 98.0 84.3 64.3 70 76.8 24.5 64.0 67.5 30.0 128 136.8 71.0 97.5 84.0 63.6 68 74.1 21.5 62.0 66.0 28.0 126 134.9 70.0 97.0 83.7 63.0 66 71.9 18.5 60.0 64.5 25.5 124 133.0 69.0 96.5 83.4 62.5 64 69.5 15.5 57.7 62.8 23.5 122 131.0 68.0 96.0 83.1 61.8 62 67.0 12.5 56.0 61.0 21.0 120 129.0 67.0 95.5 82.7 61.2 60 64.6 10.0 54.0 59.0 18.0 118 127.1 66.0 95.0 82.4 60.5 58 62.0 - 51.5 57.0 15.5 116 125.1 65.0 94.5 82.0 60.0 56 59.8 - 49.0 55.1 13.0 114 123.2 64.0 94.0 81.5 59.3 54 57.4 - 47.0 53.2 10.0 112 121.4 63.0 93.0 81.2 58.7 52 55.0 - 44.0 51.5 7.5 110 119.5 62.0 92.6 80.7 58.0 50 52.8 - 41.5 49.5 4.5 108 117.5 61.0 92.0 80.3 57.0 49 51.5 - 40.3 48.5 - 106 115.6 59.5 91.2 79.9 56.0 48 50.3 - 39.0 47.4 - 104 113.5 58.0 90.5 79.5 55.2 47 49.1 - 37.5 46.2 - 102 111.5 57.0 79.0 54.5 46 48.0 - 36.0 45.0 - 100 109.4 56.0 87.0 78.5 53.5 45 46.5 - 34.8 44.0 - 98 107.3 54.0 85.5 78.0 52.5 44 45.9 - 33.5 43.0 - 96 105.3 53.0 84.5 77.5 51.5 43 44.3 - 32.0 42.0 - 94 103.2 51.0 83.0 77.0 50.5 42 42.7 - 30.5 41.0 - 92 101.0 49.5 82.0 76.5 49.0 42 42.7 - 30.5 41.0 - 90 98.9 47.5 81.0 75.5 48.0 40 40.2 - 28.0 38.5 - CHART FOOTNOTES 1 Lbs. per cubic inch 68 o F annealed 2 Elastic modulus in tension x 10 6 P.S.I. 3 IACS at 68 o F annealed 4 BTU per foot per hour per o F at 68 o F annealed 5 Inches per inch x 10-6 from 68 o F to 572 o F 6 Reference specification for strip 7 Ultimate tensile strength x 1000 P.S.I. 8 0.2 offset yield strength x 1000 P.S.I. Yield strengths are not used or accepted as specifications by brass mills but because of their usefulness values are given here for design purpose. 9 elongation in 2. Elongation values vary considerably with thickness. The rolled temper data given are base on thicknesses ranging from .010 to .035 strip. 10 Approximate Vickers hardness - HV unless otherwise specified. 11 Standard heat treatment 2 hrs. at 600 o F 3 hrs. 600 o F for annealed temper 12 Standard heat treatment 2 hrs. at 700 o F 2 hrs. 675 o F for TS04 NOTE The properties on these charts are provided for reference only. Steels Aluminum Zinc Nickel Nickel AlloysRefractoryMetalsLowExpansionAlloys Copper High Copper Beryllium Copper Brass Bronze Precious Metal Alloys Solders Brazing Alloys Galvanic Corrosion Chart Alloy Compatibility 2 7 10 11 12 14 16 Not Your Average Hardness Values Chart CONTENTS SOLDER EB WELDING CAPABILITIES STRIP PROCESSING Precision Tolerancing Special Tempers Stretch Bend Leveling HIGH-PERFORMANCE MATERIALS Materion Technical Materials is the worlds leading resource for cladding electroplating solder coating and other specialty strip products. We offer the widest range of reel-to-reel technologies and alloys for demanding high-performance applications. Since its founding in 1968 the Technical Materials business has continued to pioneer state-of-the-art metal processing of more than 200 alloys including ferrous non-ferrous refractory and precious metals. Today we offer a wide range of technologies designed to produce the tightest tolerances available anywhere. Our products provide solutions to tomorrows ever-changing product design challenges serving markets including telecommunications computer medical automotive aircraft fuel cells and solar energy. ABOUT MATERION Materion is the new name for a dozen leading advanced materials companies with a common ownership and now combined under a single brand identity. Prior to March 2011 you knew us as Williams Advanced Materials or Barr Associates or Academy Corporation. Or maybe you knew us as Zentrix or Cerac or Thin Film Technology. What you probably didnt know is that we were all part of the same company Brush Engineered Materials a billion-dollar New York Stock Exchange company that is among the worlds premier providers of advanced ma- terials and services. Now under the one Materion brand we are better aligned to deliver a broader scope of products service and expertise needed to drive our customers growth and profitability and become their first choice in a partner. MATERION OPERATING BUSINESSES Microelectronics Services Advanced Chemicals Precision Options Thin Film Coatings Large Area Coatings Technical Materials Brush Beryllium Composites Brush Electrofusion Brush Ceramics Brush High Performance Alloys Brush Resources TECHNICAL MATERIALS Alloy Performance Guide TECHNICAL MATERIALS ABOUT MATERION Materion is the new name for Brush Engineered Materials Inc. its Brush Wellman Inc. subsidiary and all of the companys businesses worldwide. Materion is among the worlds premier providers of advanced materials solutions and services. Now under the one Materion brand we are better aligned to deliver a broader scope of products services and expertise needed to drive our customers growth and profitability and become their first choice in a partner. Materion Corporation common stock trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol MTRN. MATERION BUSINESSES Advanced Chemicals Barr Precision Optics Thin Film Coatings Brush Beryllium Composites Brush Performance Alloys Ceramics Electrofusion Large Area Coatings Microelectronics Services Natural Resources Technical Materials MATERION TECHNICAL MATERIALS LOCATIONS Main Office and Manufacturing Facility Lincoln Rhode Island U.S. SalesTechnical Support Aurora Illinois Lincoln Rhode Island Mineola New York Mooresville Indiana International SalesTechnical Support Europe Besancon France Madrid Spain Milan Italy Stuttgart Germany Asia Hong Kong Seoul South Korea Shanghai China Singapore Tokyo Japan 5 Wellington Road Lincoln RI 02865 USA 401.333.1700 Phone 800.241.2523 Toll-free www.materion.comtechnicalmaterials