#19- Sliding Wear Experiments on Clad Gold-Nickel (AuNi) Material Systems Lubricated with a 6-Ring Polyphenyl Ether
Abstract: This Materion Technical Materials paper presents sliding wear data collected on a clad 96% gold 4% nickel, and a clad 90% gold 10% nickel material systems, with and without a flash gold outer layer. These material systems are under evaluation for un-lubricated and lubricated sliding wear durability. The lubricant used during this research project was a 6-ring polyphenyl ether. These material systems were lubricated by dipping them into a 2% to 3% solution by volume of the 6 ring polyphenyl ether (OS 138) mixed with proplyene glycol monomethyl ether. A connector pin and a bent strip of metal that had been clad with the gold-nickel material system was mated to form the pseudo-crossed rod configuration used in this research project. The metal strip was formed with a small radius of curvature, hemi-cylindrical, bend to produce a linear contact surface perpendicular to the pin. This pseudo-crossed rod configuration was used to an approximate a pin/socket type contact.
Sliding Wear Experiments
Sliding wear experiments were conducted at 150 grams normal force. The amplitude of the motion was 2.5 mm with a velocity of 2.5 mm/second. Sliding wear experiments were conducted until either the dynamic coefficient of friction exceeded 0.4 or until reaching 1000 sliding wear cycles. At least five experiments were conducted at each experimental condition.
Un-Lubricated, Lubricated and Partially Lubricated Experiments
Three different series of experiments were conducted during this sliding wear research project. These series included un-lubricated, lubricated and partially lubricated experiments. During the un-lubricated series of experiments, all of the material systems failed to meet the test requirements in less than 50 sliding wear cycles on the average. All of the lubricated material systems endured 1000 sliding wear cycles and never exceeded a dynamic coefficient of friction of 0.4. During the partially lubricated series, sliding wear experiments were conducted using an un-lubricated pin and a lubricated metal strip, and using a lubricated pin and an un-lubricated metal strip. The lubricated pin and un-lubricated metal strip endured more sliding wear cycles than the un-lubricated pin and lubricated metal strip. Therefore, if only one half of a mating system will be lubricated then the pin should be selected for lubrication.